Mount Everest has been meeting point to the adventure seekers since it first appeared in the telescopes of mountain surveyors, and the trails that climb through the foothills of the world's highest mountain still offer the most challenging trekking destination in Nepal. Solu Khumbu is justifiably famous, not only for its proximity to the world's highest mountain (8848 meters), but also for its Sherpa villages and monasteries. The primary goal of an Everest trek is the Everest base camp at an elevation of about 5340 meters. But you cannot see Everest from the base camp, so most trekkers climb Kala Pattar, an unassuming 5550 meter bump on the southern flank of Pumori (7145 meters).
Namche Bazaar (3,446 m), the modern Sherpa capital, is the nerve center of upper Khumbu: from here the trails branch out to explore at least four separate high valleys. It is the entrance to the Everest region Situated in the lap of the Khumbu Himal range. Khumbu itself is the home of the legendary Sherpas, who have won international re-known as the world's most sturdy climbers with an indomitable will to scale peaks.
One can fly from Kathmandu to Lukla and Phaplu in the Everest region. Lukla is the most popular base for trekking in the Khumbu region. Days could be spent hiking and visiting the Sherpa villages, Thyangboche Monastery, Khunde Hospital, Khumjung Hilary School, different viewpoints and trekking towards the Everest Base Camp or the sacred lakes at Gokyo. And the Buddhist monuments of the Sherpa's - stupas, chortens (stone Buddhist monuments), mani walls (built of stones carved with Buddhist prayers), and gompas (monasteries) are mirror of the towering landscape all around.
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